2005

Conferences, workshops, events

  • The 2nd International Conference of The Nigerian Union of Planetary and Radio Sciences (NUPRS), 24-26 August, 2005
    The Conference was held in Port Harcourt, Nigeria on 24 – 26 August 2005. Over 500 participants took part in the Conference. The IUGG GeoRisk Commision’s Lecture “Tsunami Disaster” that served as a keynote address, was delivered on behalf of Dr. A. Ismail-Zadeh (Commission’s President) by Prof. S.C. Teme (LOC Chairman). This Lecture formed the basis for the Conference. Over forty papers were presented by Nigerian scientists at technical sessions during the Conference. IUGG sectional meetings were organized during the Conference. The 2007 NUPRS Conference will be held in Abuja, the Federal Capital City of Nigeria.
  • 8th Workshop on Non-linear Dynamics and Earthquake Prediction, The Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Miramare - Trieste, Italy, 3-15 October 2005

    The Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics, in collaboration with the Department of Earth Sciences of the University of Trieste, will organize the Eighth Workshop on Non-Linear Dynamics and Earthquake Prediction from 3 - 15 October 2005. The IUGG Commission on Geophsyical Risk and Sustainability and the IASPEI Commission on Earthquake Hazard, Risks and Strong Motion endorse the Workshop. More information is available from here.
  • Dynamic Planet 2005, Cairns, Australia, 22-26 August, 2005
    For more information about Dynamic Planet 2005 please contact the Conference Secretariat or visit the Conference web site.

    A rare joint conference of the IAG, IAPSO and IABO will offer opportunities to present and discuss cross-disciplinary research into the solid earth and oceans. In fact the scientific program, under the theme “Monitoring and Understanding a Dynamic Planet with Geodetic and Oceanographic Tools”, will emphasise the interaction of the earth and oceanographic sciences. The program will be enriched by a focus on the geodetic and oceanographic challenges in the tropics, the Asian region, the Pacific Ocean and its environs, and Antarctica, all regions where Australian and New Zealand scientists, and their international collaborators, play a significant role.

  • International Workshop - Recent geodynamics, georisk and sustainable development in the Black Sea to Caspian region, Baku, Azerbaijan, 3 to 6 July, 2005

    The workshop should prepare a scientific background for enhancement of disasters risk preparedness and reduction. This is important, since, for example, an earthquake of magnitude about 7 may reoccur in the Black sea to Caspian region, causing a regional to global scale catastrophe. Such a large earthquake in the region could face the devastating damage and destabilized social order in the whole region. The workshop will bring together people of natural, social and political sciences and of industry to analyze the problems of geophysical and technological hazards, risks and sustainability in the region and to develop the social and political background and acceptance; in this way it even may contribute to the peace process in the Caucasus region.
    Program
    Recommendation
  • World Conference on Disaster Reduction (WCDR), Kobe, Hyogo, Japan, 18-22 January 2005
    The WCDR is a milestone event to increase the profile of disaster risk reduction in development planning and practice. The Conference will provide a unique opportunity to promote a strategic and systematic approach at the national level to address vulnerabilities and to reduce risk to natural hazards. Commitment to the reduction of disasters has been growing although actual materialization is still slow. Human and economic losses due to natural disasters continue to rise and remain as a major obstacle to sustainable development and achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). New risks are emerging. The WCDR is expected to guide and motivate governments and their policy makers to pay more attention to such vital issues, identifying practical ways to incorporate risk reduction measures into action to reduce poverty.

    The Conference will build on the findings of the review of the implementation of the Yokohama Strategy and Plan of Action of 1994, aiming at:
    - Assessing achievements and identifying good practices;
    - Defining the remaining challenges, critical needs and opportunities in disaster reduction initiatives worldwide and examining emerging issues; and,
    - Developing a set of objectives and areas of action for disaster risk reduction to implement the objectives of the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation for Sustainable Development, as essential conditions to achieve the relevant Millennium Development Goals (MDG's).
    For more information, please visit www.unisdr.org/wcdr

Related meetings

  • 42nd Annual Convention and Meeting on "Earth system processes related to Earthquakes, Tsunamis and Volcanic Eruptions" organised by the INDIAN GEOPHYSICAL UNION to be held at Barkatullah University, Bhopal, India from 7 - 9 December, 2005.
    For additional information please visit http://www.igu.in/schedule.htm
    Special Theme the three-day convention starting from 7th December 2005, will cover various other scientific topics viz.
  • 1. Solid Earth Geophysics
  • 2. Atmosphere, Space and Planetary Sciences
  • 3. Marine Geosciences
  • 4. Theoretical and Experimental Geophysics
  • 5. Environmental Geophysics
  • 6. Geoscientific Instrumentation
  • 7. Exploration Geophysics

Other meetings

News

  • University of Yamanashi 21st Century COE Invited Lecture, 24 November 2005
    On November 24, 2005 Dr. A. Ismail-Zadeh delivered a lecture “Extreme Natural Events: from Modeling and Prediction to Preventive Disaster Management” at the University of Yamanashi 21st Century COE in Kofu, Japan. He also met Prof. K. Takeuchi, Vice-President of the GeoRisk Commission, and they discussed further development of the GeoRisk Commission activities. Their joint paper on Preventive Disaster Management is to be published by EOS, AGU Transactions and submitted to journal of Natural Hazards.

  • 8th Workshop on Nonlinear Dynamics and Earthquake Prediction, Miramare-Trieste, Italy, 3 - 15 October 2005
    The vulnerability of our civilization to large earthquakes is rapidly growing, raising earthquakes to the ranks of major threats faced by humankind. Earthquake prediction is necessary to reduce the threat by undertaking disaster-preparedness measures. The Eighth Workshop on Non-linear Dynamics and Earthquake Prediction was held in the Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics in Miramare-Trieste and dedicated to training in advanced methodologies of R&D in fundamental studies of the Earth's evolution and dynamics, of the instability of the Earth lithosphere, and in numerous applied problems, such as earthquake prediction, estimation and mitigation of possible seismic hazard, disaster risk management etc. The workshop, organized by SAND Group of the Centre and led by Prof. V. Keilis-Borok, University of California at Los Angeles (USA) and International Institute of Earthquake Prediction Theory, Russian Academy of Sciences (Russia), and Prof. G. Panza of University of Trieste (Italy), was endorsed by the IUGG Commission on Geophysical Risk and Sustainability and by the IASPEI Commission on Earthquake Hazard, Risk and Strong Motion. The Workshop participants represented 20 countries of Africa, America, Asia, and Europe.

    The workshop facilitated the link between theoretical and experimental researchers, adequately explaining new achievements in seismology to the wide audience of scientists and engineers, and giving a unified treatment of those methods of seismology that are currently used in interpreting actual data. Among practical aspects, large attention was given to the accuracy and statistical significance of prediction methods, their rate of errors, and to the interaction with disaster management authorities. Natural disasters related to dynamics of the solid Earth, atmosphere, and ocean were considered as critical transitions in complex non-linear hierarchical systems. A special session on disaster prediction and prevention aimed at bridging fundamental research, as reflected by the whole workshop program, and disaster management and prevention through adequate implementation strategies.
  • Marine Risk and Sustainability Session at “Dynamic Planet 2005”, 26 August, 2005, Cairns, Australia
    This outstandingly successful session at the 2005 IAPSO Scientific Assembly (called Dynamic Planet and held jointly with IAG and IABO- the International Association of Biological Oceanography) was given a new topicality and focus after the 26 December 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami and was convened by Dr. Tom Beer and Dr. Evgeny Kontar, GeoRisk Commissioners.

    Dr. K. Satake, the Chair of the International Tsunami Commission, opened the session with his talk on “Lessons learned from the 2004 Sumatra earthquake and the Asian tsunami”. The tsunami theme was followed by a number of speakers. Prof. D. King from James Cook University who presented his work studying the vulnerability of communities subject to tsunamis and tropical cyclones. Dr. Y. Tyupkin from the Geophysical Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences presented his results using altimetry data to monitor tsunamis and submarine earthquakes. Dr. V. Morozov from the Shirsov Institute of Oceanology spoke on signal detection before earthquakes and tsunamis. Prof. C. Pattiaratchi of the University of Western Australia kindly filled in and described the recent tsunami event given his first-hand experience (being in Sri Lanka at the time), put it into historical context and gave a brief coastal engineering explanation of the tsunami phenomenon. Mr. R. Othman of the Universiti Teknologi Malaysia supplemented the tsunami component of the session with his poster “Towards the development of subsidence monitoring strategies for offshore platforms in Malaysian waters using GPS technique”.

    The second theme of the session was that related to coastal contamination from submarine groundwater. Detailed investigations in diverse geographic locations were presented by Prof. J. Zhang of Toyama University; Dr. C. Schrum of Schrum & Wehde Ecosystem Modeling; Prof. G. Kim and Ms J.-M. Lee of Seoul National University both gave oral presentations whereas Ms Y.-L. Hong and Mr Y.-W. Lee of the same university presented posters entitled: “Nutrient fluxes through Submarine Groundwater Discharge (SGD) in the coastal seas of Korea Peninsula” and “Outbreak of red tides under conditions of inorganic nutrient limitation: shipboard observation and real-time monitoring results in the southern sea of Korea” respectively. Prof. M. Schlueter of the Alfred Wegener Institut described the linkage Between Coast and Sea by Sub-Seafloor Aquifers by looking at the Risks associated with use of Coastal Groundwater.

    The third theme of the session was sustainability issues. Three speakers from CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research made presentations: Dr. D. McDonald gave a keynote presentation on Management Strategy Evaluation for Coastal Regions; Dr. T. Beer gave the international perspective on Marine Risk and Sustainability, and Dr. E. Grist spoke on the toxicity of copper on a marine copepod. Dr. F. Rack, Director of the JOI Deep Sea Drilling Programme also gave an invited presentation on “An Evaluation of Risks from Natural and Human-induced Hazards Relating to Continental Margin Processes using Scientific Ocean Drilling and Ocean Observatories”. European perspectives were provided by Dr. E. Kontar with his talk on “Assessment of Maritime Geophysical Risks” and Prof. E. Stanev of the University of Sofia in Bulgaria who reviewed past and present catastrophes in shelf and semi-enclosed seas. Dr. R. Islam, who has recently published a profile of the coastal zone of Bangladesh, spoke on Marine resources, sustainable livelihoods and associated risks in the Bangladeshi context. His talk complemented that of Mr. J. De of the Indian National Institute Of Oceanography on mercury-resistant bacteria in deeper zones in the Bay of Bengal. The final paper of the session was given by Dr. F. Wang of the Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy Of Sciences who looked at the Annual to Decadal Variability of the Hydrologic Environment and Its Relationship with Fish Catches in the East China Sea.
  • The 2nd International Conference of The Nigerian Union of Planetary and Radio Sciences (NUPRS), 24-26 August, 2006
    The Conference was held in Port Harcourt, Nigeria on 24 – 26 August 2005. Over 500 participants took part in the Conference. The IUGG GeoRisk Commision’s Lecture “Tsunami Disaster” that served as a keynote address, was delivered on behalf of Dr. A. Ismail-Zadeh (Commission’s President) by Prof. S.C. Teme (LOC Chairman). This Lecture formed the basis for the Conference. Over forty papers were presented by Nigerian scientists at technical sessions during the Conference. IUGG sectional meetings were organized during the Conference. The 2007 NUPRS Conference will be held in Abuja, the Federal Capital City of Nigeria.
  • IGOS Geohazards Workshop
    The IGOS Geohazards Bureau organised and hosted an International Geohazards Workshop which took place from 27th to 29th June 2005 at the bureau’s host institution, the BRGM (French Geological Survey) in Orléans, France.

    This Workshop brought together over 50 experts from across Europe, the Americas, Asia and Africa to work toward improving the mitigation of Geohazards. IUGG GeoRisk Commission was invited to contribute to the Workshop. Dr. A. Ismail-Zadeh, President of the Commission, attended the Workshop and delivered a lecture entitled: "Computational Geodynamics and Earthquake Prediction as Research Tools for Seismic Hazard and Risk Analysis". The lecture is to be placed on the web-page. He also attended the meetings of the IGOS Geohazards Working Group "Science – Long-term fundamental science with potential application to the geohazards observations" to define a work program of the IGOS Geohazards for the next three years.
  • AOGS Annual Meeting
    Asia-Oceania Geoscience Society (AOGS), a newly founded non-governmental regional association of geoscientists in Asia and Oceania, held its second annual meeting from 20th to 24th June 2005 in Singapore. Dr. Z. Wu, GeoRisk Commissioner and Vice-President of IASPEI, was invited to deliver a public lecture entitled: "Facing Earthquake-Generated Tsunami: Roles of Scientific Knowledge in the Reduction of Natural Disasters". He was representing the IUGG and IASPEI Commissions on the meeting. The lecture is to be published by World Scientific Publisher.

  • Press Conference at the European Geoscience Union General Assembly
    The Commission was invited to the Press Conference on Sumatra mega-earthquake and tsunami held in Vienna, Austria, on April 26, 2005 during the General Assembly of the European Geoscience Union (EGU). Dr. V. Kossobokov, GeoRisk Commissioner, represented the Commission and took part in discussions on earthquake prediction.

ICSU Proposals
The Commission submitted two new ICSU project proposals, but unfortunately, both were unsuccessful:

  1. Geohazards: Extreme Natural Events and Societal ImplicationS – GENESIS (led by IUGG / GeoRisk Commission). Supporting partners of the project proposal are: Geoscience Unions (International Union of Geological Sciences, International Geographical Union, International Union of Soil Sciences, International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing), Interdisciplinary Bodies / Initiatives (Integrated Global Observing Strategy – Geohazards, Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research, Earthquakes and Megacities Initiative, International Consortium on Landslides).

  2. The Role of Science and Data in Disaster Risk Management (led by ICSU CODATA). Supporting partner: IUGG / GeoRisk Commission.

GeoScience Unions Initiatives
The GeoSciences Unions of ICSU (namely IGU, IUGS, IUSS, IUGG) met in Paris in February 2004 and in Boulder in September 2004. They determined five topics for further action. One of these topics is Hazards, and IUGG agreed to lead action on this topic. Dr. Tom Beer has been asked to co-ordinate action on this. An IYPE brochure on the topic, that outlines four key research questions has been published by IUGS.

The GeoUnions Initiative Joint Science Team on Hazards met during the UN World Conference on Disaster Reduction in Kobe 18-22 January 2005. Twenty invitees attended this meeting, which also functioned as a planning meeting (run by Gordon McBean) for an ICSU programme on Natural Hazards.

A positive and exciting outcome of the meeting was an offer from Hormoz Modaressi for BRGM (France) to host a project office for the GeoUnions Hazards Initiative. They already host the IGOS Geohazards Bureau. The Commission looks forward to the possibility of the IGOS Geohazards program becoming a strong part of the GeoUnions initiative.

Statement of the IUGG GeoRisk Commission on the Great Sumatra-Andaman Earthquake of 26 December 2004
A magnitude 9 great earthquake occurred on December 26, 2004 off the west coast of northern Sumatra, South Asia. Huge tsunamis were triggered by this great earthquake, and the coastal zones around the Indian Ocean were assailed by these tsunamis. More than 300,000 people lost their lives in a dozen countries, 500,000 were injured, and up to 5 million are lacking for basic services. As a response to the great tragedy, the IUGG Commission on Geophysical Risk and Sustainability adopted on January 7, 2005 the Statement "Greatest Sumatra Earthquake and Tsunami of the Early XXI Century and the Need for Urgent Action to Reduce the Effects of Natural Disasters in the Indian Ocean Region and Elsewhere".

The full text of the Statement can be downloaded from here.
The shortened Statement can be downloaded from here.

Based on the Statement of the IUGG GeoRisk Commission, on 10th January 2005 IUGG issued a resolution on the Sumatra earthquake and tsunami.

In the light of these tragic events in the Indian Ocean, on 17th January 2005 ICSU produced a position statement based also on the materials of the Statement of the IUGG GeoRisk Commission.

Terms of reference

Purpose and structure of committee

Commissions's statements

Official statements from the commission

Links to related sites

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